Hello and welcome! My name is Doris.I have been an antiques collector, dealer and appraiser for over 56 years.I will be pleased to help you.
S is the most common ending for a sponsor's (maker's) mark as it usually means "& Sons."
If you send me a close-up, clear photo of the marks, I might be able to help.
You may need to use the macro function (flower icon) of your camera to get a good clear photo of the marks.
If you cannot get a good photo, then sketch the marks and take a photo of the sketch.
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Please send your photos the email method.
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Send the picture to ***@******.***
In the subject line put " Pictures for˜Doris in Antiques or Appraisals.".In the body of the message put, your user name and name..Make sure to send these from the same address that you registered with
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This method takes longer because the photos are sent to the Just Answer
techs who must forward them to me. It sometimes takes as long as 24 hours..They will forward them to me and as soon as I get them I will contact you.
Thank you. I will watch for them.
I will just need to see the X.
The marks indicate the following:
Sponsors (formerly called makers) were CS * FS for Cornelius Saunders & Francis Shepherd.
The had factories in London, Birmingham, Glasgow and Chester at various times. Jackson's describes them as "prolific manufacturers of small work and jewellery."
The large X is the actual maker's tally mark for the journeyman apprenticed to the firm of Saunders & Shepherd.
You have the other marks correctly described.
I hope I have helped you.
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Thank you again.