sorry that you've had to wait for an answer, as this issue looks quite complex
I've known an ESP fault to immobilse a car in this same fashion as the traction control is on all the time which limits engine power to such an extant the engine will no longer run
I'm surprised that there are no logged fault codes as this sounds like there may be a transmission fault as well as the ESP issue
However with ABS / ESP systems 99% of the time its a problem with one of the wheel speed sensors and I'd first check the connections at all four corners first for any signs of corrosion or chafed wiring.
The sensor is located in the wheel hub so you'll have to remove each wheel in turn to inspect them all.
Also check that the toothed wheel that the sensor points to is clean and free of any debris.
you can check each sensor's function by plugging the two output wires into an AC voltmeter and spinning the wheel quite quickly, you should get a voltage signal that increases with rev's.
Its possible that the fault is only a bad connection to one of the wheel sensors.
This may be remedied by removing each wheel in turn and unplugging each sensor and cleaning the contacts with a squirt of electrical contact cleaner. Then refitting.
and also unplug and inspect the main power relays and fuses for signs of overheating or corroded terminals - so the ones for the ECU and the fuel pump
And also unplug the wiring loom connections in the engine bay one at time and inspect for corroded or recessed pins.