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Ask Dr. Stacy Your Own Question
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My labrador wont stop scratching. She hasnt got fleas (I
My labrador won't stop scratching...
My labrador won't stop scratching. She hasn't got fleas (I have a pug also). I walk them everyday through fields and round a reservoir and the labrador swims in the reservoir. Is she allergic to something? If so, is there anything I can give her to help?
3 years ago.
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replied 3 years ago.
Thank you for your question. My name is***** I have been a small animal veterinarian for 12 years.
There are really just two main reasons that dogs become as itchy as you are describing. The first is skin infections, and the second (and much, much more common) is allergies, and sometimes is a combination of both. When they are really itchy and they have that coarse, sometimes thinning coat, with crusting I tend to suspect both. It sounds like Beluga is just itchy right?
Flea allergy is the most common allergy in dogs. The most severe flea allergic dogs often have no fleas on them because they are biting and chewing so much that the fleas are removed (and often swallowed). The way that flea allergy works is that a dog can be exposed to just a flea or two, develop an allergic reaction to the flea and then the itching persists for weeks after the flea is gone. If other dogs in the house are not flea allergic the occasional flea will not bother them enough to start itching. Flea allergy produces primarily back half of the dog itching... usually right at the base of the tail. Sometimes the arm pits are affected too... Is that were he is itching?
Food and environmental allergies (pollen, mold, grass, house dust mites) are difficult to differentiate without some trial and error.
Food allergies can produce itching everywhere, but ears and feet seem to be the worst.
Environmental allergies, "atopy" is the more common. It can come on suddenly and tends to be worse seasonally (fall and spring are worse) They can seem to itch everywhere... they tend to rub their face and scratch their belly. Environmental allergies are challenging because you can't avoid your environment.
If your dog's itching pattern sounds at all like flea allergy, then you have to be incredibly strict about flea controlI recommend Advantage or Comfortis EVERY 3 WEEKS on every pet in the household.
If this is not flea allergy, then the next step is a diet trial with a hypoallergenic diets. If that doesn't work, then this may be seasonal allergies which are more difficult to treat. There are a lot of anti itch treatments on the market, but most don't work great. Things that you can try that are somewhat helpful are: fatty acids/fish oil, oatmeal baths, and bendadryl. But to get real itch relief you need prescription medications. Steroids work best and fast, but do have side effects. There is a new mediation called apoquel which is great for reducing itching without so many side effects.
Start with the oatmeal baths, fish oils, and Benadryl.. two tablets twice day for a labrador sized dog. If that doesn't help, consider seeing a veterinarian for a prescription.
I hope that helps, but if you have more questions or need clarification, let me know.
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