Thanks for your question. I will try to help.
If you have only been on your EEA residence card since November 2014 then you will not be able to apply for permanent residence yet.
If divorce proceedings have not commenced yet then you would be eligible to apply to retain your treaty rights when they are. If you do not apply to retain your treaty rights then your status in the UK is at risk.
Usually when an EEA citizen divorces a non-EEA citizen on a family permit a non EEA citizen loses their right to stay in the UK.
However, under the Retention of Treaty Rights Rules, if you have been married for three years and have lived one of the years in the United Kingdom together by the time that divorce proceedings have commenced then the non-EEA national can apply to retain their rights.
This means that you would make an application so that you would be able to stay in the UK after you have retained your rights up to the period of time that you need in order to apply for permanent residence.
You would have to apply to retain your treaty rights only once divorce proceedings have commenced and can do so using the following form:
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No. You can only apply for PR once you have been in the UK for 5 years under EEA rights. The time you spent previously as a student on student visa does not county because this would have been under the immigration rules which are different to EEA rights.
If you switched to an EEA residence card and started living in the UK under eea rights in November 2013 then you would only be able to apply for PR (assuming that you retain your treaty rights) in November 2018.
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