I invited a woman friend for genuine 10 days visit to UK at the end of this months. I am work as Senior IT Engineer and my annual salary is £47000. I have a nice 1 bedroomed flat. I am 50 and single. Never married. I had been in one single relationship during my entire life. Never had children.
I filled in myself the online visa application form, paid and submitted it. During the appointment, my woman friend submitted with her passport, my payslips, my bank statements, my saving statement of £11000, a copy of my British passport and my invitation letter. My woman friend is currently unemployed and has a very modest income. The application was refused by the Entry Clearance Officer. Below is the full content of his decision is below:
"You have stated that you intend to visit your boyfriend in the United Kingdom for ten days. You have stated that you are unemployed and you receive £90 per month from family members. You have provided a residence certificate and evidence of your parent’s pension. However, you have provided no evidence of any of your other circumstances in Algeria, or of any personal assets or property held by you.
I am therefore not satisfied that you have demonstrated sufficient ties to your country that would either encourage or guarantee your return at the end of your trip. Having considered all of the above, therefore, I am not satisfied that you are genuinely seeking entry as a visitor or that you intend to leave the United Kingdom at the end of your visit. Paragraph 41 (i) (ii).
I have therefore refused your application because I am not satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that you meet all of the requirements of the relevant Paragraph of the United Kingdom Immigration Rules.
Your right of appeal is limited to the grounds referred to in section 84(1)(c) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002."
My questions are:
1. Will my appeal have reasonable prospect of success ? If so:
a) What arguments must I have to persuade the Immigration Tribunal to change the decision ?
b) Any case law or something similar to help me out ?
2. Why has he limited my appeal to only 84(1)(c) and not to (c)(e)(f) under Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 ?
3. Why did he disregard Paragraph 41(vi)(vii) which would have helped him to reach a different, just and equitable decision ?
4. I read somewhere in an online law firm that, I quote: "However, the tribunal has ruled that an apparent lack of incentive to return should not itself be treated as a reason to refuse a visit visa application. Otherwise, travellers with a relative lack of engaged or committed lives would have less chance to travel perhaps precisely at the stage of their life when there are able to do so. A lack of incentive can be taken into account if further requirements are not met and in developing a fuller picture of the applicant's overall intentions."
5 . Has he correctly applied his power under Paragraph 43 ? This Paragraph states: "...if the Immigration Officer is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph 41 is met." I am unable to figure out the meaning of the word "each" and the context in which it should be understood.
6. Is the balance of probabilities upon which he based his decision was right to rely on ? If so:
a) Why this balance of probabilities was not on my side since our application for 10 days visit was genuine and my invitee was not a candidate for immigration ?
7. Is it right, as ECO's decision implies, that I am required to choose my friends based on whether or not they have assets/properties in their countries for the purpose of obtaining visa should I invite anyone of them ?