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Hello was it a limited company?
You cannot personally sue a director of a limited company for the debts of the company. The whole point of a limited company is that it is its own legal entity and is responsible for its own debts. The directors are there to run the company but they are not personally responsible for its debts. So you are only able to take action against the company and its assets. Just because the company has sold off its assets does not mean they may not have money in their accounts you can pursue or some other assets so it would take some investigating to find this out. However, if the assets have been sold off and there is little money, it is unlikely that you will recover the amount you are owed. Thousands of legitimate debts do not get satisfied every year so you are certainly not an isolated case, this is unfortunately how the system works and limited companies will have limited liability so there will always be a risk. You are able to try and wind the company up (i.e. close it) and then get whatever there is left over from it but you will not necessarily rank in priority and you could find that you are the one who petitions to close it yet other creditors get what is left over in priority to you.
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No I am afraid that is not how it works. You cannot sue the director for wages owed, the company itself is responsible for this. It is extremely rare that directors will be made liable for any debts, this is only done in situation where for example there has been serious fraudulent trading but that does not mean where they have sold off assets like in this case - this is not that uncommon
Sadly not, that would be a completely separate legal entity, your rights are against the specific company, just because there is another company with a similar name or run by the same people does not give you rights against it. It's like if a person owes you money, your rights are against him personally, you cannot go to his brother who has a similar name just because he is connected or close to him
That will not be possible I'm afraid, you were employed by the company, your rights are against the company not the director so the tribunal will not hear a claim personally against the director