1. Dear *****, one example of where there can be an order made in court between two parties to an action that might affect other parties without notice of it, would be where a body sue a bank seeking a mareva injunction (freezing order) over monies held tin an account int eh bank. The holder of the account would be affected but so too would anybody owed money by the account holder and who had a good claim to the money. This is why mareva injunctions are often notified to persons even though they aren't a party as it can impact widely.
2. Dear *****, two examples of where an order affected third parties are Murphy v. Attorney General  which held that equal treatment of married couples with single people was mandated by the equality guarantee in the Irish Constitution.
3. The second example is Pine Valley v. Minister for Environment  which held that limitation of land use owing to planning permission refusal gave right to compensation if the restriction interferes with property rights.
4. Finally, a freezing order is only an example of an ordinary order. It is however, handed out in limited instances.
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