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Anemia can be caused by the various causes.
Hence, besides hemoglobin other tests are required to find out the cause.
Iron deficiency is a common form of anemia.
Loss of blood from the intestine can cause this.
Stomach ulcer, cancerous lesions in the colon can cause iron deficiency anemia.
Hence, endoscopies ( upper GI and colonoscopy) should be considered.
Another cause of anemia can be vitamin B12 and folate deficiency.
They can be checked by the blood tests.
Another possibility is the bone marrow failure, where the blood cells are made.
Usually your white cell and platelet count will also be affected.
You should see a hematologist for further evaluation.
For iron deficiency, iron supplementation with ferrous sulfate 325 mg 2 to 3 times daily will be helpful.
Vitamin C 250 mg daily also recommended for better iron absorption.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is treated with B12 shots weekly initially then monthly.
Folate is available in folic acid tablet form.
If you do have iron deficiency, and iron tablets are not helping, then you are not likely absorbing iron well.
In that case, IV iron infusion is often found to be helpful.
Besides the above causes, chronic kidney disease or any other chronic disease also can cause anemia.
In that case, erythopoietin ( epogen) injection may be helpful to stimulate the red cell production.
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