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Ask Dr. Michael Salkin Your Own Question
Dr. Michael Salkin
Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian
Category: Dog
Satisfied Customers: 33247
Experience:  University of California at Davis graduate veterinarian with 45 years of experience.
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what is a T F L injury in a greyhounds leg

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what is a T F L injury in a greyhounds leg
Aloha! You're speaking to Dr. Michael Salkin
The TFL refers to the tensor fascia latae muscle - a hip abductor (a muscle which draws a limb away from the median plane of the body).
Injuries of the tensor fascia latae are very common in racing dogs. Rupture of the tensor Fascia Latae can occur at its distal musculotendinous junction with a complete separation of the muscle belly from the fascia latae. It is not uncommon however to find a distinct longitudinal split along the muscle fibers involving the
fascial sheath and the lateral portion of the muscle. During the clinical examination it is possible to appreciate a distinct hematoma with marked pain on palpation; the muscle can present areas of hardening or a marked depression. Extension of the hip is very likely to elicit pain especially if accompanied by a firm palpation. Injuries to this muscle can be easily misdiagnosed resulting in healing by scar tissue formation, loss of function and a high rate of recurrence. Minor injuries can be treated conservatively, with 3-5 weeks of controlled exercise and physiotherapy. Use of 830-nm laser therapy with a power output of 30 mw appears to give encouraging results according to one author. Early surgical treatment is recommended whenever possible. The TFL is approached by longitudinal skin incision directly over the affected area. The medial portion of the muscle must be repaired; inadvertent suture of the adjacent muscles can lead to postoperative pain and delayed recovery. Rehabilitation period is usually from 4 to 6 weeks. The prognosis for return to racing is dependent upon the degree of damage found upon surgical exploration.
Thank you to Alessandro Piras DVM – MRCVS – ISVS
Oakland Small Animal Veterinary Clinic Newry, Northern Ireland, UK for allowing excerpt of his article.
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