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In my view this depends entirely if there is a court order in place from the Italian court or not. If so, then it still remains in force. If not, then if he stopped paying maintenance then I would imagine a claim would be made through the UK courts if the children are resident in the UK.
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The first point is that as both children are adults now, he is free to contact them directly - via whatever means he can think of. The mother cannot prevent this anymore. I would suggest reaching out to them via social media if he can track them down.
The second issue is that the Italian court order I don't think would stand up in the UK courts if the mother tried to enforce it in the UK. It could be enforced in Italy but as you have advised that the children and mother are UK resident and have been for some 15 years I don't think the Italian courts will have jurisdiction.
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My view is that the Italian order would not be enforceable in the UK courts, and that the Italian courts will not have jurisdiction based on residence in the UK. So as the children are both adults now my view is that he could simply stop paying as under the UK system, there would be no valid claim. I don't think he needs to go to court to discharge the order, in my view it has expired. If he contacts his children and wishes to continue to support them directly, then this is his choice in my view.
Obviously this is just my view - you are free to seek a second opinion from another expert here if you would like further counsel!
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I can't vouch for what the Italian courts may do but my view is that enforcement of the order would not be under Italian jurisdiction due to residence in the UK. As I said, please do seek a second opinion if needs be for reassurance.
He should contact the CMS for confirmation in the first instance.
Yes its the child maintenance service - contact details are here: https://www2.dwp.gov.uk/contact-cmoptions/en/new-contact.asp