Republic of Ireland Law
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1. DearCustomer the one thing I can suggest to you, if you haven't already done so, is to register your son's birth in the Irish Foreign Birth's Register as this will mean there is a permanent register of his birth with the Irish authorities which will be accepted for the purposes of any future Irish passport application. This Foreign Births Register means the Irish passport authorities have a permanent record of your son's birth in Ghana so it will be an insurance against him ever losing his Birth Certificate copy of his birth in Ghana. Irish citizenship is given on the basis of Foreign Births Register. Here is a link to the relevant page in the Irish Immigration & Immigration Service for the registration of his Foreign Birth https://www.dfa.ie/passports-citizenship/citizenship/born-abroad/registering-a-foreign-birth/
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3. Firstly, there is a legal procedure known as authenticating documents or Apostille for documents which validates them. As you have a copy of your Birth Certificate, the authorities in Ghana can testify to your Birth Certificate being a true and authentic copy and that the original is missing and lost in a fire. In this way, you can use your copy of your Birth Certificate to Register your Foreign Birth with the Irish Foreign Births Register. You will probably need assistance from a lawyer in Ghana who is familiar with the workings of the Government Department who deals with Births in Ghana. However, you need to realise that this situation has occurred in the past without persons affected suffering adverse consequences. However, the Irish authorities will accept a copy where the original is lost. You may have to employ an Irish lawyer to deal with the Irish end of the application for Registering your Foreign Birth as the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs who issue passports will have to satisfy themselves as to the veracity of what has happened.
4. The second issue you raise is that along with your question there appears a 'handle' or name with whoever asks the question. The handle 'Customer' is the handle which is attached to your question and this is why I used this moniker when I replied to your question as I assumed you had chosen it for yourself. However, if you are unhappy with this, I can have it removed. Be aware as well that Experts don't handle the interface with Customers so I only dealt with what presented itself in front of me.