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Vincent2013, JustAnswer Expert
Category: Law
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Experience:  Qualified solicitor and barrister (non-practising) with 7+ years experience
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I have received a final reminder letter from New Generation

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I have received a final reminder letter from New Generation Parking for overstaying in a car park run by them. This was the Capital Retail Park in Cardiff. However I did not receive any previous correspondence and the first I heard of it was through this letter. Are they within their rights to do this although I suspect they are fishing. £100 for parking seems excessive.
Clive Drake [email protected]

Hi, thanks very much for your question. My name's XXXXX XXXXX I'm going to assist you with it.


This is not a parking fine despite what it may say and regardless of the manner in which it may try to imitate the kind of penalties issued by local authorities. The fact is that private companies cannot hand out parking penalties and has no right to punish you. This notice is a private land fine alleging that you breached the terms of the contract accepted by you when you parked and that they will settle for a specific amount to avoid bringing a civil claim.

Recent legislation came into force in 2012 rendering registered keeper liable for private land finds if he does not disclose the details of the driver within 28 days. This simply means that the claim can be brought against the registered keeper of the vehicle, making it easier to identify a defendant.

If you ignore this, the chances that they will actually sue are low. It does not make financial sense for them to do this in every case. If they do bring a claim, the amount of the claim can only be for the sum of the original fine and a small fee for issuing the claim (£35). They have no claim for legal or debt collection costs (despite any threats to the contrary in their letters). Also, do not be intimidated with any threats regarding damage to your credit rating (which would require a CCJ first).


To be successful in a claim they would need to show that their signage was adequate enough to create a contractually binding relationship and, crucially, they will have to prove the amount of the loss they sustained as a result of the breach. This loss will not necessarily be the same as the figure they have determined as a penalty. Their actual loss is probably only very small and, on that basis, you can consider writing to them and offering them, say £5/£10 for their administrative costs.


You may get some threatening letters (private parking companies vary in their responses) but you are only at risk of them bringing a claim in the small claims court for the original fine and the small filing fee. The amount you want to engage with them (at this stage) is up to you but, as I say, if you want to avoid the nuisance of further correspondence, you can offer a small sum by part admitting the claim.


I hope this helps. Please let me know if I can clarify anything for you.

Customer: replied 4 years ago.

I had a final reminder when I did not even receive an initial correspondence. They said in the letter that I did not have the right to appeal since I had ignored their initial correspondence. I e-mailed them saying that I should have the right to appeal and that a smaller amount would not be unacceptable. No reply yet. £100 seems excessive. It all seems very dodgy to me.



If this company is an Approved Operator of the British Parking Association (which you can check here:, and you have grounds to challenge the ticket, you can still appeal using the Parking On Private Land Appeals service (POLPLA). This is a free independent appeals service. If they find in your favour, the parking company will leave you alone. If not, you are still not bound by POPLA's decision.


However, as I say, it's easy to get caught up in this as being an enforceable penalty that has to be challenged by you. In fact, the charge is only an attempt to settle for an alleged breach of contract. You can simply put them to proof on liability and damages by waiting to see if they issue a claim (the chances of which are relatively low) or part admit the claim and send a cheque for a small amount to cover an estimation of their actual losses.


Can I clarify anything for you?

Vincent2013 and other Law Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 4 years ago.

Thanks very much. I'll submit a cheque for a lower amount and see what happens.

I'll tell them that after consultation with learned counsel on this matter that I am prepared to pay a charge for the administration, but only that and not the full amount. Ta very much

You're very welcome.


Of course, you should only offer to pay (even a small sum) for their loss at this stage if you are prepared to admit liability for the breach, i.e. the vehicle did overstay on the premises at the alleged time, there was adequate signage, there were working payment facilities etc. If you don't want to do this just yet, you can wait and see what happens and consider part admitting the claim later.


If you do not admit liability you don't have to offer anything and, if you engage in correspondence, you can point out that any claim will be contested on the basis of liability as well as arguing that the amount of the charge is unenforceable due to it being punitive, unfair and unreasonable.


All the best.