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1. Dear Sujeet, can you please clarify some facts as they are not clear from your question. What type of visa does your wife have? Is it a spouse visa? Or some other type of visa? Does your wife intend to apply for ILR after five years continuous residence?
2. Dear Sujeet, your wife will need to spend five years continuous residence in the UK in order that she obtains a spousal visa. However, in order for any particular year to count towards the five years continuous residence, your wife must not be more than 180 days outside the country in that year. Additionally, she must not be more than 450 days in that five year period outside the UK. So, if your wife has been outside the UK since July 2017, then she will exceed the 180 day threshold for this year and it won't count towards any five years continuous residence period.
3. Be aware additionally that your wife cannot be more than two years outside the UK as otherwise she will lose her spouse visa. Essentially, the spousal visa is designed so that your wife lives in the UK with you. If she is studying abroad, it is not ideal as she will have to return to the UK regularly enough to keep her visa valid.
4. However, the real downside is that if she is spending more than 180 days outside the UK, then the five year period for continuous residence, essential for ILR will not begin.
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6. Yes, the spouse visa remains valid for its five year period even when you change from ILR to citizenship. Essentially, there is no need to change the visa just because you have altered your status.
7. When the current spouse visa expires for your wife, then she simply makes another application for a new spouse visa this time based on your citizenship.
8. A spouse visa is usually valid for 2.5 years. However, it can be for longer.
9. Yes, you can keep extending her spouse visa for as long as it takes to get ILR. The important point is that you remain healthy and working, as your income as a citizen has to remain above GBP 18,600 to keep renewing a spouse visa.
10. You are welcome. Thanks for the positive rating.