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Hello, this is Jim and I am a dual-qualified lawyer (UK and Republic of Ireland) and happy to help you today.
If you share the living space then they are lodgers and not tenants. You can have a lodger's agreement if you wish - it would help confirm the contract between you and the lodgers. You can download a lodger agreement (and tailor it) at this website: https://www.rocketlawyer.com/gb/en/documents/lodger-agreement
Yes, you can take a deposit (and you do not have to protect it in a government-backed scheme either).
I hope this helps – if you can please rate the answer by clicking the 5 stars (the top of your screen & then click “submit”), I can answer follow up Q&A's at no extra charge and I will be credited for helping you today.
Thanks, the key is that it is your property and you share the living space with them (for them to be classed as lodgers, not tenants). It's fine if you spent some time there (you wouldn't have to be there full time)
It depends the frequency on their payments - so if they pay weekly they get 7 days' notice. It can be verbal notice too.
You don't need to sleep there, it just has to be your main residence. They get one month's notice then.
In terms of your question of whether you need a lodger agreement and whether you can take a deposit from them, please let me know if any of what I have said requires clarification. I am happy to help. In the meantime if you could either leave a rating and click “submit”, or confirm that I have answered your question for you, I would be very grateful.