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1. What is important is that you agree with your neighbours to get a Boundary Survey done by a professional chartered surveyor from the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors so you can determine what is the correct line of the boundary. Basically, the legal position is that it doesn't matter where the line of the fence might have been in the past. All that is important is where the true boundary lies. This is because getting squatter's title or adverse possession to registered land was abolished in 2003, so you cannot claim ownership by the fence being in the wrong place. So, all you need to do now is to get a boundary survey done to establish the true boundary and move on from there, as this is the position the law leaves you in. Previous locations of the fence are irrelevant. Be aware that modern mapping measurement is done with Computer Aided Location devices which are exact to fractions of millimetres. So, you will get an exact line for the fence.
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3. There is no such thing as a 15 year rule. If you have wanted to establish squatter's title before 2003, you would need 11 years uninterrupted possession. However, no one can establish squatter's title here because they don't know whether they were squatting or not, because they don't know where the true boundary was, so they lack the necessary legal pre-requisite of an animus possidendi or intention to possess the land contrary to the true owner. So, talking about 15 year or 11 year rules is foolish. You should simply survey the boundary and get on with it and realise you cannot take advantage of any error that might have been made in this situation.
4. Dear *****, you are seeing problems where none exist. Firstly, the modern Computer Aided Location devices don't require access to your neighbour's property to map the boundary. So, any questions about access are illusory. Secondly, whilst it would be preferable if both parties would jointly agree to a nominate surveyor to map the boundary, this does not have to be the case. If you survey the boundary, then you can put up the fence on the midpoint line of the boundary, no matter what your neighbour does or protests. You can simply rely upon the survey. Thirdly issues about "parts of the original boundary" are irrelevant as I made clear to you that the legal position is that these hold no weight. Finally, there is no need to engage a solicitor unless you want to strongarm your neighbour into accepting your boundary line and then only if there is a dispute. So, currently, you are seeing trouble which doesn't exist. Finally, most boundary disputes are mediated and decided by an agreed boundary survey. However, once one party does a survey, no other surveyor is going to reach a different result, if the survey is done properly. So, again you are seeing a problem which doesn't really arise. All precedents in cases of this nature are irrelevant before a properly done boundary survey.
16. As I explained to you before, it is downright wrong and incorrect to view the boundaries as having been fixed because of squatter's rights just because a fence was in a certain place. So, this is an erroneous view because the law requires more than just inadvertent possession. So, as I keep repeating, you need to survey the boundary.