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Hi, I have not had problems like this previously and the court staff also check documents before they are put in front of a judge so normally if there was a problem then you would be told by the court staff. As such, the court should give you a refund of the fee if you ring the listing section at the court.
The court forms did state that you were asking for an order to stop the harassment. I can only think the Judge would be saying you should have cited Section 2 of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 in the form but like I say, the court staff should have said there documents are not suitable. They may also want a Part 8 claim form (some courts do and some don't) - such as the attached. It would be an idea to go to the court counter in person and get them to check it - if they want a Part 8 claim form then take the attached with you - and ask them if they can process the fee again. The fee is recoverable from the harasser if the application succeeds. Apologies you had problems with this.
The Protection from Harassment Act 1997 does not stop someone from applying for an injunction against someone just because they live in the same house though - the judge is wrong on that point.
The landlord needs to get involved or you can ask the local council to step in - because the council states that landlords have to ensure their tenants' health and safety is ensured whilst in the property. Some tenancies also have a clause to say no tenant is allowed to harass others. If so and your landlord doesn't want to get involved then report them to the council without delay.
When you go to the counter you can ask why the papers were not checked before they passed them to the judge - say that you have no legal training so you would have expected them to check before deducting the £308 fee. And ask them whether they can process the application again at no further cost.
No, the part 8 claim form is to issue a claim - and then the N16a application comes afterwards - but not all courts expect this so the people at the court counter should be able to tell you.