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I am very sorry to read of the above and I imagine how frustrating it must be. I will certainly try to clarify the position for you.
May I confirm that that is the only clause relating to restrictions for alterations that you have identified in the lease please?
thank you. As you very likely aware, s19 Landlord and Tenant Act 1927 provides that where there is provision in the lease requiring consent from the landlord, whether the lease states as much or not, a proviso is implied by statute that consent must not be unreasonably withheld.
This would apply to the clause in your lease however, as you observe, there appears to be an issue namely that the provision only relates to internal alterations. There is no mention of not altering without consent in relation to external alterations. Rather, the clause simply provides that no structural alterations may be made. Where this is the case, the above legislation does not imply any caveat that consent cannot unreasonably be withheld.
I fear therefore that you would be entirely reliant on the landlord to provide consent less any work you carry out would amount to a breach of covenant. If you went ahead with the work anyway, if you are able to complete the work it is likely that the landlord would principally be limited to claiming damages for loss in value to the freehold which may be limited in terms of loss, but if the landlord were to take action before works were substantially completed, then the landlord may be able to force removal of works.
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unfortunately, the lease distinguishes internal and external alterations and provides that internal alterations must not be unreasonably refused in terms of consents but external alterations simply cannot be made. It is of course open to the freeholder, which I appreciate is not one person, to nevertheless grant consents for external alterations but if it refuses, I cannot see any basis for redress regrettably based on the wording of the clause you kindly posted