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The transfer of the second property to your civil partner is outside the scope of UK taxation. After that you cannot sell it next year, you no longer own it! He can though and will escape Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on the gain from the current market at transfer and the net selling price as for the last 18 months he is deemed to be in residence even if this is not the case.
I do hope that I have been able to shed some light on the situation for you.
Well, yes and no, actually from the date you first owned it or your civil partnership whichever is the later. He will have his non cumulative Annual Exempt Amount (AEA), currently 11.7K, to offset any gain.
Yes, I would advise to transfer which property you intend to use as your sole or main domestic residence. On change of property mix you can declare which to property you wish Private Residence Relief to apply, but, as civil partners, you only have one tranche of PRR between you.
Under CGT rules property values rise or fall evenly with time. We all know that this is not the case but that is how CGT works. You will thus be able to establish a value.