There are generally five avenues to obtain U.S. Lawful Permanent Residency. Through family, through employment, through Asylum or refugee process, through investment, or the Diversity Lottery.
For family, it must be immediate family such as U.S. Citizen spouse or U.S. Citizen children over 21 to come immediately and sometimes a Lawful Permanent Resident spouse or U.S. Lawful Permanent Resident parent of an unmaried child under 21. U.S. Citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident parents or U.S. Citizen siblings can also help you, but the wait for that is about 4 to 12 years or so.
Through employment, you would have to generally prove that you would not be taking away a job from a U.S. worker, and the less experience and education you have, the harder that is to do.
Through Asylum or Refugee process, you must prove that you will be persecuted, tortured, or killed if you stay in your country and that this will happen to you because of your nationality, race, religion, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group, not because you would run the same risk as anyone else in your country to fall victim to a crime or bad economic conditions.
Through investment, you are looking at generally $1,000,000.00 for a residency, or $500,000.00 in an area designated as a high-employment area, plus in both cases, the investment has to create ten or more jobs for U.S. workers.
And through the lottery, it would be challenging to win one of the 50,000 visas available per year, and some countries do not qualify.
Here is a link to the different forms to get a green card:
Then there are some visas available to stay temporarily and then later change to Lawful Permanent Residency if you qualify.
Some of the visas available through employment (if you have a job offer and you qualify) are:
H-1B for professional workers
H-2A for seasonal agricultural workers
H-2B for seasonal nonagricultural workers
H-3 for industrial trainees
Then there are the F-1 and M-1 for students and J-1 for exchange visitors.
And then, there is the E-1 for treaty traders and E-2 for treaty investors (these types of visas are not available in all countries).
Here is a link to most of the available visas:
I will call you in a few minutes to discuss. If AFTER our phone call you need more help, I am happy to address 1 or 2 follow-up questions for you. There is no additional charge for that. For any different cases in the future, please post a NEW session and remember to use FOR GUILLERMO in the subject line and message box so that no one else grabs the question. That way, I can become your exclusive immigration consultant.