Vomiting and diarrhoea, or gastroenteritis, is very common in puppies and lots of different things can cause these signs including:
- A sudden change in dog food
- Eating something outside/rubbish/human foods
- Parasites: internal worms
- Infections: e.g. parvo virus (VERY serious infection which often causes vomiting, diarrhoea with blood, decreased appetite, lethargy)
- Allergy/food sensitivity
- Inflammatory bowl disease
- Ingesting a Foreign body (including bones, sticks, and other objects)
- Ingesting a toxin
- Lots of other possible causes.
In puppies, vomiting and diarrhoea can be more serious as young pups can quickly become dehydrated or have a low blood sugar level if they stop eating. Thats why we need to take extra care with them.
If he has vomited a few times but is now settled, breathing normally, bright in himself and walking normally we could monitor him tonight and tomorrow.
1. Tonight offer him a very small portion of plain cooked chicken (1 tablespoon). I am not too concerned if he doesn't eat tonight aa he is feeling nauseous.
2. Encourage him to drink water- little amounts regularly. Either using a syringe or teaspoon (5ml every 30 mins until bedtime).
3. Tomorrow you could offer him VERY SMALL PORTIONS of a bland diet such as plain cooked chicken/white fish (no bones, no skin) and boiled rice/boiled sweet potato/well cooked porridge made with water.OR purchase a few tins of dog sensitive/gastrointestinal canned food from the pet shop/vet clinic if you would rather not home cook. 2-3 tablespoons every 3-4 hours if possible to help small amounts through his intestinal system to help get his tummy back to normal.
4. For the diarrhoea: Purchase a pro kolin paste which contains probiotics and kaolin to bind up the diarrhoea quickly (available from vet clinics or pet shops e.g. pets at home). Given twice daily into the mouth or onto food for three days.
5. If he is a little brighter in the morning, then it can take a few days with the above treatment for him to be back to normal.
6. I am not too concerned if he doesn't eat tonight a she is feeling nauseous.However, it is important to keep him hydrated. If he is still unwell in the morning (e.g. vomiting, dull, not eating anything) then he needs to see a vet tomorrow for an appointment to rule out anything serious underlying and start some medications (e.g. anti vomiting injection).
7. Signs that he needs an emergency check up this evening: vomiting frequently and not settling in the next few hours, breathing faster than normal, gums very dry or pale/very dark, Very weak/struggling to walk etc.